Modern psychological researches on addictive behaviour involve the analysis of many personal factors that relate to different areas of human social life. It is known that addictions negatively affect the social adaptability of the individuality and especially affect the violations of communicative components, which determine the various deviations of different spheres of social interaction. Violations of communicative components become especially dangerous in adolescence, when the personality is being formed in the process of socialization. Therefore, adolescent addiction is a real threat to the future of society. This requires scientific researches aimed at studying the factors that determine the deformation of the communicative components of adolescents under the influence of addictions. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of adolescence, which would allow for individualized prophylactic treatment taking into account socio-psychological, individual-psychological and psycho-physiological gender differences. The aim of the research is to determine the psychological factors of the formation of communicative components of adolescent addicts. The research is based on the use of a number of methods of psychological diagnosis, which examined 306 adolescents of both sexes in the age of 14-17, some of whom have severe signs of addiction and undergo rehabilitation in drug treatment centres in Kyiv, and others without signs of addiction acted as a control group. Empirical data have demonstrated the relationship between a fundamentally different constellation of psychological factors that determine the formation of communicative components in adolescents burdened with addiction and normotypic contemporaries. The research will help to understand the psychological factors of formation and functioning of communicative components of addicts, which determine their social maladaptation. This opens up prospects for improving psychoprophylactic measures aimed at preventing adolescent addiction.Keywords: Communicative Components, Addiction, Adolescents, Age Peculiarities, Individual and Psychological Characteristics, Psychological Profile.